Full review about 4 reliable belt sander brand

Sanding is never easy. Even though there’re a lot of tips persuade you for not sanding because many people hate doing this step. However, I’m sure sanding always better than no sanding. And I use my various belt sander for almost my projects. For collecting a lot of information in belt sander, I try to make the simplest and easy to understand review about some famous brand in this major.

1. Grizzly:

It’ll be big mistake if you don’t mention to Grizzly in cheap belt sander list. Highlight with the low price, sturdy construction, Grizzly brand provides to the users stunning performance in the stationary sander. They give various usage from knife making to woodworking (even the large sanding machine like drum sander) with any cost from under $100 to thousand dollar.

2. Makita:


If the Grizzly famous by the price, then the Makita absolutely popular with quality and reputation. You can found compliment and satisfaction everywhere from the old to new users. The advantage feature of Makita sander are convenient, never break down, durable long years and powerful operation. Instead of buying a cheap product, why you don’t get an outstanding tool like Makita belt sander. Pay one, get forever. Sounds interesting, right?

3. Porter- Cable:

porter cable

Porter Cable is one of the earliest sander brands that appear for decades. They produce the first portable belt sander in 1926. Even meet a lot of competitors, Porter Cable still keep the strength of balance power and customer service. Especially when your machine get trouble, you can easily get the fast and pleased warranty.

4. Shop Fox:

Not popular like other brands above, because the Shop Fox belt sander has the large and industry design with price up to thousand dollars. So that it’s only suitable for who’re business owners or big projects. The high-end quality and professional feature allow you done any sanding project as the fastest way instead of wasting many tedious days using hand. Both flat and contour edges can clearly smooth out simply with Shop Fox sander.
In the numerous brands of electrical tool in the market. There’re hard to select your own product. Choosing the popular brand has the advantage that you can get the review from old customers who used this product and get the better after sale service. However, nothing is perfect 100%. It doesn’t mean when you get the famous and expensive product, your work can be better. Sometimes the cheap one still suitable in case you apply it in the right purpose. As same as sanding, choosing the right tool can reduce the wasting time and raise productivity. We recommend you to read the best belt sander reviews at www.beltsanderhq.com to get the deeper information. It’s the big honor to receive you guys comment and question.

Pulp, paper research site opens

The centre, an extension to its main laboratories, has been designed to house experiments into the commercial applications of biotechnical research to pulp and paper production.
The new 10,000- square-foot wing, which officially opened this summer, was financed with a $2-million grant from the federal Government. The staff of 12 includes five scientists, who will work closely with others from the National Research Council and McGill University.
Because pulp and paper uses a biological material – woodfibre – as a primary resource, industry scientists “essentially were practicing biotechnology for many years before anyone called it that,” said Henry Bolker, PPRIC’s director of research.
So far, most biotechnical research into forest products has concentrated on three areas: fermenting waste liquor from pulp and paper production to produce yeast and alcohol; improving environmental protection by cleaning byproducts out of effluents discharged from mills; and developing techniques to increase forest yield and improve the quality of trees.
The PPRIC biotech centre will explore new territory. Researchers will attempt to improve properties of pulp by treating it with enzymes derived from fungi, Dr. Bolker said. Certain experiments – such as one in which post-graduate students from the University of Montreal are using enzymes to remove the offensive brown color from the effluent spewed out by kraft pulp mills – will also use micro-organisms.
Introducing various enzymes to pulp mixtures has succeeded in both strengthening and brightening the fibres. But scientists have no firm theories about how the enzymes work and in fact know little about the basic chemistry of pulp. “That’s why we’re establishing this research program now,” Dr. Bolker said. “We have a long way to go and we’re not looking for answers tomorrow.” Although the researchers have isolated particular enzymes to treat the pulp, they are barely able to provide enough for laboratory work, let alone the quantity needed for a pulp mill churning out 800 tonnes a day.



Pulp is the ground- up or disintegrated wood fibre, either wet or dry, that is used in papermaking. The PPRIC’s 60 member companies are a major source of the world’s woodpulp and newsprint supply.
Staff at the research centre in suburban Point Claire are collaborating with the National Research Council, which is also building a new biotech centre in Montreal.
This proximity, as well as its affiliation with McGill and Montreal’s Ecole Polytechnique, gives the PPRIC access to other scientists working in the field and “is making Montreal a centre for research into biotechnology,” said Cyril Doucet, vice-president of administration.
While Ottawa provides funds for building, member companies pay for the PPRIC’s operating expenses. The institute’s two branch operations are located in Montreal – the main laboratory is in Point Claire and another is at McGill University – and Vancouver.


WEEDS have been the curse of many gardeners and their gardens. One can have one’s garden looking very respectable and weed-free only to go away for a few days and return to weeds taller than the plantings. Pulling them or cultivating them out with a hoe or tiller are two options, but they are time-consuming and hard work.
WEEDS have been the curse of many gardeners and their gardens. One can have one’s garden looking very respectable and weed-free only to go away for a few days and return to weeds taller than the plantings. Pulling them or cultivating them out with a hoe or tiller are two options, but they are time-consuming and hard work.

A mulch is one of the better alternatives. Plastic sheeting can be used to smother weeds, but temperatures often build up so much in the summer that they harm plantings. If the plants don’t provide their own shade over the plastic by this time of year, it’s best that a light covering of woodchips or a similar material be applied over the plastic to keep the temperature down.
Plastic has other drawbacks; in a heavy clay soil it may retain so much moisture that the plant roots are deprived of oxygen and they die. In a light sandy soil, too much water may run off without penetrating the plastic to reach the soil. This can be overcome to some degree by perforating the plastic with the tines of a fork or similar tool. Even then, a light surface mulch may be desirable to slow down water runoff.
An alternative to plastic film is woven landscape fabric. It allows moisture to penetrate and permits nearly unrestricted air exchange. A gardener might want to apply a light covering of organic mulch to enhance its appearance.
The surface mulch can be wood chips or other organicmaterial such as partly composted leaves. Another choice might be a decorative stone aggregate such as pea gravel or river pebbles, but they project an unnatural feeling when used outside a desert setting such as Phoenix, even though they have been highly praised as the ideal mulch for roses.
Organic materials – such as wood chips and leaves – tend to be readily available, are often inexpensive, are easily applied and provide a natural appearance for this region. In addition, they will break down in time to enrich the soil and improve its structure. When weathered or partly decomposed, they have a more earthy appearance than when fresh. If fresh sawdust is used, one needs to add a generous amount of fertilizer to offset the loss of nutrients from the soil during the process of decomposition. Usually this amounts to about a pound or a pound and a half of a high nitrogen ferilizer such as 10-6-4 per contractor’s wheelbarrow load of material. Fresh wood chips or commercial bark products do not require fertilizer when used as a mulch. They decompose much more slowly than sawdust and, therefore, return nutrients to the soil about as fast as they are required for the material to break down.
If lawn clippings are used, precautions must be taken. Do not use fresh lawn clippings if the lawn has been recently treated with herbicides because this may damage the plantings. Lawn clippings should be applied in a succession of thin layers, allowing each layer to dry before the next is applied. If piled too deeply while still green and succulent, the material will probably become quite moldy.
There are times to use herbicides. Many plantings of annuals, perennials and woody plants will tolerate a pre-emergent herbicide such as Treflan. Applied to clean, freshly cultivated soil after planting, it will prevent weed germination for several weeks. Plantings such as annuals will have spread to cover the soil by that time, effectively shading out most late-coming weeds. The same is true for perennials and some woody plnatings.
Roundup, also sold as Kleenup, is an effective herbicide, killing everything that contains the green pigment chlorophyll. Special care must be taken to avoid having it come in contact with one’s precious plantings. This is difficult to do with a sprayer, but a wicking device will enable this to be done safely, if reasonable care is taken. The device looks like a golf club; the handle is hollow plastic pipe or tubing to serve as a reservoir for the herbicide. The foot looks like a paint roller; it absorbs the herbicide from the inside. When this foot is wiped against the weeds, a film of herbicide is deposited by its wicking action. The weeds absorb it and they are killed.
An example of the usefulness of this device concerns bindweed. This morning-glorylike vine that twines in, through and around most plants, will simply grow back if pulled. If left to its own devices, it will often smother the plantings. By carefully teasing loose the vine, stretching it out into an open space and wiping it with the wick, a systemic herbicide such as Roundup will kill it root and all so that it will not come back. It is a technique that is worth every bit of the extra time and care involved.

3 factors to value a belt sander

In the market full of new product every day, it is surely not simple to find the real quality under a lot of flashy advertisement. And the belt sander has no exception. In order to pick your best belt sander, we have 3 simple factors to evaluate:

  1. Component:


The component is the clearest elements that distinguish a product from others. A good belt sander is not only the one that can perform the wonderful result but also durable. Nobody wants to pay hundreds dollar for only several usage. So that, choosing a sanding machine that made from solid, strong and lasting long. Even though it will take more budget than a cheap one, the long-term benefits can’t deny.

  1. Motor:

The second factor helps you discover the value of a belt sander is the motor. The most pricey part in sanding machine. The sanding speed and power of motor effect directly to the efficiency of sanding process. Base on buyer purpose, the consumer should select the enough powerful motor. If the speed too fast and too strong, it could hard to control the line of sanding and your stock. Sometimes it can ruin all your effort in second. And as everybody know, the belt sander is a beast. So, for safer, the solution is picking the enough power motor or various speed dial in handy use.

  1. Warranty:

Through using time, your machine will often occur errors, especially electric tool. That’s why today most users care much in warranty program. The longer trouble free time make people feel safer to use.

There’re 3 main keys you can consult to choose a good sander for your project. Besides these factors, you can find a lot of elements effect on your work efficiency. Sanding seems to be the principal point in woodworking and create shape for your stuff. And a sanding tool can help you decrease much time and sweat in this jobs. Finally, wish you will make the right decision with this advice



Love boats

A GROUP of European friends recently suggested we all sail to Atlanta for the 1996 Olympics, and because of my Greek shipping connection, I was appointed tour director and Fuhrer for all things maritime. Mind you, it is not as easy as it sounded. As everyone who has ever been sardined into a jet knows, the only way nowadays to cross the pond between the Old and New Worlds is by air, or in the manner of NR’s editor-at-large, by private sailboat.
Although the latter is still a possibility, my friends are as useful as the bottom half of a mermaid when it comes to roughing it, so for the moment I’m looking around for a miracle in the form of a luxury liner steaming from England, Germany, Italy, or France to the eastern shore of the United States, sometime in the summer of 1996. There is always the QEII, of course, but as Fuhrer, I wouldn’t recommend her. The last time I sailed her across the Atlantic, there was REOT written all over her. The acronym stands for Radical Egalitarianism of Today, despite the fact that this was twenty years ago, in April 1974, to be exact. Worse, it was also modern, all plastic, glass, and steel, without the wasted space that gave the old boats their luxurious aura.
Although it was three months before the collapse of the Greek Colonels, I had smelled a rat and had moved my operations to London. Once there, I was invited to compete in the world’s richest backgammon tournament of the time, 100,000, winner take all, everything paid for by the sponsor, Dunhill’s. Dunhill’s flew us over first class, put us up for one night in the Big Apple, and then sailed us back to Blighty on the QEII, where the tournament took place. I quickly got over my depression about the Colonels’ plight and accepted with alacrity.
I will not bore you, dear reader, with descriptions of the other players involved. Suffice it to say that all 32 were characters, in that it takes character to withstand the rigors of indolence. What followed was a bacchanalian revelry that would have made Byron proud. My oldest English friend, Charles Benson, won the tournament and the money, but had to jump ship at Le Havre as word had slipped out and the bookies he was deeply in debt to were already lining the White Cliffs of Dover in eager anticipation. Clement Freud, grandson of the man who started the mind rot, and a future MP, won the unpopularity stakes, and was unceremoniously thrown in the first-class pool fully clothed. The Honorable Michael Pearson, son of Lord Cowdrey, of polo and Financial Times fame, bet his best friend, Robin Millborn, that he wouldn’t streak the length of the ship–all 963 feet. When Robin took up the challenge he was grabbed by irate third-class passengers and almost lynched.
Be that as it may, the trip was far from perfect. The problem was the REOT syndrome again. In fact, the. service was lousy. The waiters were mostly from Liverpool, and a surly lot they were. High-jinks have always been a part of first-class travel at sea, but these types reminded me of cops who give speeding tickets to someone going through a car wash. After particularly unpleasant service one evening at dinner, I asked one of them if he had ever worked the Gulag, and he answered with a simple no.
The food was no great shakes, either. As I was disembarking, a reporter happened to ask me how I had enjoyed the trip. I said that thanks to Dunhill’s I had, but that I hadn’t eaten such bad food since I left the Monastery of Mount Athos. No sooner had I said it than a spokesman from Trafalgar House, the company that owned the ship back then, demanded that I retract. Which I did. I said it was worse than prison food, although at the time I had not yet been Her Majesty’s guest.
Needless to say, this was not the case when liners were the only way discerning people traveled. I first crossed from New York to Cannes in July 1952, on the Constitution, built in 1951, 30,293 tons and 683 feet long. Although I was only 15, I had a sundeck cabin to myself, and my parents pretty much left me alone. To say that romance was always in the air would be a bit like saying that President Clinton is not confined by fact. Everybody was constantly on the make. The service was impeccable, the people all faring to have fun, and the ladies on board mysterious and beautiful at least in the eyes of someone who had been locked up in boarding school since the age of 12 (with 4 years of German occupation before that).
A rather important romantic occasion took place during that trip, and perhaps that is why I shall remember the Constitution to my dying day. Many ocean crossings followed. The United States, all 53,329 tons and 990 feet of her, was the ship on which two of my best friends and I chose to cross the Atlantic once freed from school. That particular trip remains memorable because my friends and I were taken to the cleaners by a white-haired gentleman of impeccable breeding who just happened to play poker better than we did. He was Nicky Sergeant, born Sigaloff, and we were later told it was his 23rd consecutive crossing. Nicky, whom we later befriended, was a card shark, and made a grand living out of rich mugs.
The Liberte, owned by the French Line, was another grand ship. My friends and I sailed her in 1958, having reserved three suites in anticipation of finding beautiful women to share them with. Two days out of Le Havre, we hit a storm that would have made Moby Dick seasick. The Liberte was all wooden paneling, with enormous public rooms and the highest of ceilings. The noise was deafening, and the waves were the height of a California redwood. Everybody got sick. There we were, confined to our expensive cabins for five days, and the only thing that crossed our portals that resembled something feminine was our gay steward inquiring about our health. On the last day, just before we came into New York, the weather subsided and we made it into the dining room with our hopes still high. It was the beginning of the end. Eighty-two Venezuelan businessmen were the only other passengers, and they were returning from a convention. We almost were sick all over again.
Well, you know the rest. One by one the great ships went to the scrap yard, and with them went romance on the high seas. But as the song says, thanks for the memories. And those are not about to be scrapped.

Top sander for your heavy-duty work

Have you ever struggled with the large big stock that requires you to spend many hours or days to finish? In this case, the usual orbital sander or random orbital sander seem overestimated to solve. So, why not picking the belt sander, one of the most incredible sanding machine that can smooth any kind of stock as fast as possible.

According to Amazon users, Popular Woodworking and a lot of republic magazines, we find these best heavy-duty sander that any consumers want to own. Find out now and see what special in them that make your job more efficient.


WEN 6502:

Most large sander has the stationary model as Wen 6502. With the trust from users and reliable of manufacturers, this machine is on best-seller board for around the year and still be hot maybe for many months after. It not only provides high-quality but also sturdy to handle your big plan. For further information, you can find and read the 4 x 36 belt sander reviews to have the overview about it.


Grizzly G0547:

Grizzly g0547 is the best one

Grizzly g0547 is the best one

This sander comes with the combo 6-inch disc and 4 x 36-inch belt sander part. It ideal to work with special shape wood stock, which require the high precise in every detail. The high speed running to 3450 RPM motor is capable of sanding the vast amount of materials. Very exciting, right? Therefore, instead of buying 2 different type of machine, you just need one to complete more job in faster method.



When talking about sanding machine, it will be the big mistake if we do not mention to orbital sander. Even though it work with the lower performance than the belt sander, the efficiency, we can’t deny the better finish result it delivers. In range of orbital sander, Dewalt shows their advantage in produce the finer surface and cheaper in budget. That’s why Dewalt D26453K becomes so popular in woodworkers and for versatile utilization.


The performance in sanding job of each sanding tool is evaluated through the last finest surface at the end. In order to help consumers got the better experience in sanding work, today almost abrasive tool provides the very convenient dust bag/ port for reducing the amount of sawdust and unexpected dust after work. This is also one of the important elements you should check out carefully in the research step before choosing the final product to buy.




Forty years after its founding, the company was firmly established.

Its most prominent projects were a library in North Sydney, the Bradford Kendall factory at Alexandria, Newington College, Darling Harbour and the Naval establishment at Garden island in Sydney. It carried out the construction of a telephone exchange in Moree and the State Government offices in Goulburn.


Cordukes constructed the State Government offices in Grafton in 1968 and, in 1962, the company established its separate hire division for building equipment required by outside customers, as well as Cordukes itself. The plant hire division specialised in the supply of hoist equipment in the 1970s.


Today it continues to operate beneath the magnificent mural that has been described as a colourful Breughel look-alike brightening Parramatta Rd. The well-known artist, Guy Crosley, whose murals are features throughout Australia and South East Asia, was commissioned for the work, which depicts builders at their trade.


Cordukes Hire has other branches in Plumpton, in NSW, and Coopers Plains, in Queensland.


“At more than 30 years old, it is one of the first hire plants in Australia,” said its manager, Mr Bob Cordukes.


“It continues to hire out building equipment and machinery for our Building Services division and outside clients – anything from compressors to chainsaws. It is a good little earner.” In the late 1960s and 1970s, the company built many telephone exchanges in Sydney and country centres and a selection of home units.


John Cordukes, the founder, together with his wife Jean, travelled overseas in 1976, and he died from a heart attack at the age of 70 while staying at Nice, in the south of France.


Mr Leigh Norman, Cordukes’ managing director, has described the founder’s son and the present-day executive chairman, Mr John Cordukes, as the “powerhouse behind the company’s tremendous progress in the ’60s and ’70s”. In 1977 the company established its Queensland branch and its first contract was a Brisbane telephone exchange. It took part in the boom in retirement villages in the late 1970s, winning contracts at Moree, Cootamundra, Bombala, Bowral and Hammondville.


Today its projects spread up the eastern coastline. It has provided Ulan Coal Mines Limited, in the Upper Hunter Valley, with service facilities such as buildings, housing, administration and technical services, a bathhouse, workshop and drift.


At Scotch College, in Melbourne, it is responsible for the new three-storey languages centre.


It has constructed the 25-room Byron Beach Motel, where all bathroom floors and walls are tiled with marble and all internal finish work and joinery timber is jarrah.


It has made its mark with the Morningside College of TAFE, School of Printing, in Brisbane by winning the Best Industrial Building Award ($10 million to $20 million). Its Hotel Diana project, described by judges as “an outstanding boutique style hotel providing the highest quality experience in every area of the hotel”, won the Brisbane region Queensland Master Builders Association award for Project of the Year, as well as the Best Resort Construction Award ($5 million to $10 million), Workmanship Award and Best Interior Design/Construction Award.

Pollution from wasting wood

In the face of mounting public concern over dioxin pollution, the Wallula mill, like the Howe Sound mills, will soon be forced to clean up. In 1987, Congress amended the Clean Water Act, calling on each state to produce by this year a list of waterways affected by 126 toxic pollutants, among them dioxin, from all facilities – including factories and pulp mills. The states were also told to submit strategies for EPA approval that will result in curbing the discharge of those toxins – and bring polluters into line by 1992. In June, Washington state submitted its list, which included the waterways on which Wallula and the state’s other kraft chlorine-bleaching pulp mills are situated. At the same time, the state submitted its pollution-fighting strategy, which the EPA did not initially approve. Now, Washington has until June, 1990, to revise its strategy to meet with the EPA’s approval. Polluters will then have until 1993 to meet the new standards.


For Washington state’s polluting pulp mills, those impending regulations will likely mean that they will have to drastically curb their discharges of dioxin – a known carcinogen that is part of the group of toxic chemicals called absorbable organic halogens (AOX). The EPA, whose 1986 and 1987 studies first detected the presence of dioxins in kraft chlorine-bleaching pulp mills, has no authority to enforce its recommended criterion of no more than 0.013 units of dioxin per quadrillion units of water at the point where mill effluent is discharged. But that standard is intended to be used as a guideline by the states – and experts acknowledge that it is a tough one. Explained Dennis Ross, a chemical engineer and environment engineer for Boise Cascade at Wallula: “Present technology can only test down to 10 parts per quadrillion. In another perspective, that is one second in 32,000 years.”


In effect, said Richard Burkhalter, supervisor of the Washington state department of ecology’s industrial division, the message to polluters is that “they have to have a nondetectable limit of dioxin in their effluent.” And Burkhalter added that that is what Washington state intends to accomplish with new regulations. Washington state officials are also developing guidelines to curb other AOX discharges commonly found in the effluent of kraft chlorine-bleaching pulp mills. Officials say that they hope to have those guidelines in place within two years and bring polluters into compliance by 1996. Those measures will bring the pulp-and-paper industry in Washington state in step with British Columbia, where the provincial government has developed regulations likely to pass this fall that will severely cut all AOX discharges. And for their part, environmentalists say that the new standards cannot be delayed. Said Greenpeace’s Stewart: “We need to control the whole basket of organochlorines, and they’d better get to it.”


Meanwhile, in the tiny village of Wallula, population 50, the residents have known for years that the mill is fouling the river. Said Bernice Cummings, 77, who along with her husband, Harold, has lived in the village since 1953: “We hear that everything is going to kill us one day. And we heard last month that there were dead salmon floating in the river here below the mill. Their discharge into the river is not as good as it should be.” But Cummings added that among Wallula residents, some of whom work at Boise Cascade, the pollution from the pulp mill is not a big topic of conversation. “We don’t talk about it,” she said. “You have to accept progress in whatever form it comes. I don’t get shook up over it.” Still, environmentalists say that AOX discharges are too high a price to pay for progress. And if toxins are eliminated from mill effluent, perhaps in the Cummings’s lifetime, dead salmon will no longer surface downstream from where they live.

Paper or ever

Although the Woodfibre mill, owned by Western Pulp Ltd. Partnership, has instituted a $70-million cleanup program, it will miss the proposed 1991 provincial deadline by a year. However, officials say that the company will be able to comply with the 1994 standard. But the Howe Sound Pulp and Paper Ltd. mill at Port Mellon will comply with the new standards well before the deadlines. After instituting a $1-billion restructuring and expansion program, the mill, a joint venture between Vancouver’s Canfor Corp. and Japan’s Oji Paper Co., will meet the new AOX discharge limits by July, 1990 – 4 1/2 years ahead of schedule.


Indeed, company officials say that they will use the best technology available. Said Brian Killeen, 39, a marine biologist with Greenpeace in Vancouver: “We have to applaud them for that.” Still, Killeen added, “until construction is completed next July, their discharge is among the heaviest on the coast.” He and Jacks also said that the government’s legislation should have forbidden the companies to pollute at all. Declared Killeen: “It is a good step, but unfortunately the regulations do not follow through to their logical conclusion, which is zero discharge.” That goal may be as hard to realize as a clear view from the balconies of Horseshoe Bay.


The flat, irrigated farm-lands crisscross the plateau that stretches out to the east of the Columbia River in southeast Washington state. Before the river turns west toward the ocean, it passes the village of Wallula, about 320 km southeast of Seattle, and the nearby Boise Cascade Corp. Wallula pulp-and-paper mill. Like six other kraft mills in Washington – and the Port Mellon and Woodfibre mills on Howe Sound in British Columbia – Wallula uses chlorine to bleach wood pulp. And although the mill’s 515 workers – who live in Wallula and other small towns within a 120-km radius – produce about 900 tons of bleached pulp daily, the mill also produces large amounts of toxins. In fact, according to Washington state department of ecology figures published in May, the water at the point in the Columbia River where the Wallula effluent is discharged contained 3.6 units of dioxin for every quadrillion units of water – 277 times more than the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s 1984 recommended criterion for dioxin discharges. Said Shelley Stewart, Greenpeace’s national director for pulp mills in Seattle: “Washington’s mills are pretty good on solid wastes and secondary treatment. But dioxin is another matter, and Wallula is one of the dirtiest.”


The brownish haze drifted slowly from the northwest and gradually blended in the afternoon sunshine with another darkish streak moving from the northeast. From his balcony across Howe Sound, a Pacific coast inlet just north of Vancouver, Terry Jacks watched as the polluting haze partially obscured the snowcapped mountains on the sound’s north shore. For 20 years, Jacks has lived in Horseshoe Bay on the south shore and has seen the haze almost daily. But Jacks, a former pop singer whose 1974 release Seasons in the Sun is the sixth-best-selling single record in history, has devoted much of the past four years to a crusade against pollution in the region’s air and water. His main targets have been the Port Mellon pulp mill to the northwest and the Woodfibre pulp mill to the northeast. Said Jacks, spokesman for the 6,500-member Environmental Watch: “When I see the destruction, it makes me feel pretty sick.”

clean water

Although the haze from the mills is a visible menace, Jacks says that his concern is the invisible yet dangerous toxins that the mills discharge into Howe Sound. In 1986 and 1987, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) discovered dioxins, the most toxic of manmade substances, and other poisons in waters downstream from five U.S. kraft pulp mills (kraft is a chemical method of pulping). Those mills used chlorine to bleach wood pulp to make white paper products. Further studies by the EPA, Environment Canada and the Swedish government confirmed the presence of the toxins – known as absorbable organic halogens (AOX) – in the effluent of kraft chlorine pulp mills.


In North America, 151 of the more than 750 pulp mills use chlorine – including the mills at Woodfibre and Port Mellon. Indeed, last November, much of the Howe Sound shellfish industry was closed because of dioxin levels. Declared Jacks, 45, a self-proclaimed environmental evangelist: “We have to stop the chlorine bleaching of pulp now.”


In May, his group claimed at least a partial victory when the B.C. government proposed tough new laws regulating AOX discharges by pulp mills – underscoring public concern over dioxins and other toxins in pulp mill effluent. As the Maclean’s/Decima poll indicates, Canadians and Americans both consider the environment a top priority. The Canadian government is developing the first national standards to regulate AOX discharges. And in the United States, the EPA is developing pollution-fighting strategies with the states.


Under the proposed B.C. legislation, the province’s pulp mills will be forced to severely reduce AOX discharges, beginning in 1991 and continuing through 1994. But although environmentalists, especially those in the Howe Sound area, have cautiously welcomed the changes, they are critical of the fact that until then mills will continue to pollute the sound – which has already been ravaged by toxins. On Nov. 30, 1988, much of the shellfish industry in the sound was closed after tests confirmed high levels of dioxin in crabs, prawns and shrimps – a ban extended in mid-June. Declared Jacks: “Ironically, they are shutting the fishery – not the source.” And at times, the battle to save the sound has been fierce: on May 8, four days before the province announced the new measures, Greenpeace activists chained themselves to the chlorine unloading dock at the Woodfibre mill and unfurled a banner reading “Stop chlorine use now.”